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Nady HM-10
Sanken COS-11D
AT BP892
Audix HT5
DPA 4066
Sennheiser HSP2
Shure Beta 53
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UCA 202
Film Processing

Vowel systems currently supported by Akustyk

WorldAkustyk supports many world languages. All vowel inventories are supplied by Akustyk users. Thank you for your contributions!

NOTE: As underlying phonological representations of many languages are often under dispute, these charts are only meant to provide an overall, IPA-style listing of vowel inventories. If you would like to have a particular vowel system added to Akustyk, please use this form. Your contributions are greatly appreciated.

Afrikaans
Language: Afrikaans
Dialect:  
Country and region: South Africa and Namibia
Contributed by: Daan Wissing, Northwest University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
American English*
Language: American English*
Dialect: General
Country and region: USA, Mid-Western US
Contributed by: Bartek Plichta, Michigan State University
Amharic
Language: Amharic
Dialect:  
Country and region: Ethiopia
Contributed by: Grover Hudson, Michigan State University
Azerbaijani Turkish (Azeri)
Language: Azerbaijani Turkish (Azeri)
Dialect: Azerbaijani Turkish (Azeri)
Country and region: North West of Iran, Azerbaijan, Eastern of Turkey
Contributed by: Elaheh Almousavi, Lancaster University
Bangla (Bengali)
Language: Bangla (Bengali)
Dialect: Standard Colloquial Bangla (Bengali)
Country and region: India, Kolkata, West Bengal
Contributed by: Rajib Chakraborty, Netaji Subhas Open University
British English*
Language: British English*
Dialect: Standard Southern British English
Country and region: Great Britain
Contributed by: Adapted from Deterding (1997)
Chinese*
Language: Chinese*
Dialect: Standard Mandarin
Country and region: China; Taiwan
Contributed by: Yen-Hwei Lin
Michigan State University
Dutch
Language: Dutch
Dialect: General
Country and region: The Netherlands
Contributed by: Adapted from Pols et al (1972)
Eton
Language: Eton
Dialect:  
Country and region: Cameroon, Central province, Lékié division
Contributed by: Mark Van de Velde, University of Leuven
Finnish*
Language: Finnish*
Dialect: General
Country and region: Finland
Contributed by: Reijo Aulanko, Hanna Anttila & Rina Pitkänen, Department of Phonetics, University of Helsinki
French
Language: French
Dialect: General
Country and region: France
Contributed by: Adapted from Liénard and Di Benedetto (1999)
German
Language: German
Dialect: General
Country and region: Germany
Contributed by: Adapted from Iivonen (1987)
Greek
Language: Greek
Dialect: Standard Greek
Country and region: Greece, Thessaloniki and Athens
Contributed by: C. Karypidis
Hawaiian*
Language: Hawaiian*
Dialect: Ni'ihau Hawaiian
Country and region: U.S.A., Hawaii
Contributed by: Fabiana Piccolo, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Hindi-Urdu Hind-Urdu
Language: Hindi-Urdu
Contributed by: Sameer Ashaie, CUNY
Hmong
Language: Hmong
Dialect: Hmong Daw (White Hmong)
Country and region: Laos, Thailand,Vietnam, China
Contributed by: Martha Ratliff, Wayne State University
Italian
Language: Italian
Dialect: Standard
Country and region: Italy, San Marino, Switzerland, the Balkans, Malta
Contributed by: Christina Villafana, Georgetown University
Japanese
Language: Japanese
Dialect: Standard
Country and region: Japan, Tokyo area
Contributed by: M. Endo Hudson, Michigan State University
Jordanian Arabic
Language: Arabic
Dialect: Jordanian Arabic
Country and region: Jordan
Contributed by: Al-Tamimi, University Lyon 2 + DDL
Jru'
Language: Jru' (Jruq, Boloven, Laven)
Dialect: Paksong District
Country and region: Lao (P.D.R.)
Contributed by: Pascale Jacq, Australian National University
Malay
Language: Malay
Dialect: Bahasa Malaysia, Bahasa Melayu or Malay language
Country and region: Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, Southern Thai
Contributed by: Tan Tien Ping
Maori*
Language: Maori*
Dialect:  
Country and region: New Zeland
Contributed by: Margaret MacLagan Dept of Communication Disorders,
University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NZ and
Ray Harlow, University of Waikato, NZ
New Zealand English*
Language: New Zealand English*
Dialect:  
Country and region: New Zealand
Contributed by: Margaret MacLagan Dept of Communication Disorders,
University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NZ
Polish
Language: Polish
Dialect: General
Country and region: Poland
Contributed by: Bartek Plichta, Michigan State University
Pulaar
Language: Pulaar
Dialect: Fulbe Jeeri
Country and region: Senegal, Mauritania, Senegal River Valley
Contributed by: Adapted from Paradis (1992)
Scottish English
Language: Scottish English
Dialect: Scottish Standard English
Country and region: Scotland
Contributed by: James M Scobbie, Queen Margaret University College
Spanish
Language: Spanish
Dialect: General
Country and region: Spain, most Spanish speaking countries
Contributed by: Dennis Preston, Michigan State University
Swedish
Language: Swedish
Dialect: Central Standard Swedish
Country and region: Sweden
Contributed by: Lena Bergström, Uppsala University
Turkish
Language: Turkish
Dialect: General
Country and region: Turkey
Contributed by: Mehmet Akif Kiliç
Wutung, Sko family
Language: Wutung, Sko family
Dialect:  
Country and region: The north-west coast of Papua New Guinea
Contributed by: Doug Marmion, Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University

 

*Comments

American English

The diphthongs /ai/, /au/, /oi/, and /iu/ are also supported

British English

Those are 11 monophthongal vowels. For diphthongs, please, send me a note and I will add them.

Chinese:

Additional 4 diphthongs include: [aj], [aw], [ow], [ej]. The diphthong [aw] has a back low unrounded vowel. Traditional descriptions often include rising diphthongs such as [je], [ja], [wo], and [wa] or even triphthongs such as [jaw] and [waj], but many researchers now consider prenuclear glides to be part of the syllabic onset in Mandarin Chinese.

Finnish

Akustyk's support of Finnish includes the following diphthongs (in addition to the 16 monophthongal vowels): asi, ei, oi, ui, aei, o/i, yi, asu, ou, eu, iu, aey, o/y, ey, iy, ie, uo, yo/.

Hawaiian

Only monophthongs are included in the chart, however, Akustyk does include Hawaiian diphthongs.

Maori

In addition, Akustyk supports the following Maori diphthongs: /au/, /ou/, /ao/, /oi/, /oe/, /ai/, /ae/, /au:/, /ou:/, /ao:/.

New Zealand English

In addition, Akustyk supports the following New Zeland English diphthongs: ei, ai, cti, ahs, ohs, isw, esw

References

Deterding, D. (1997). "The formants of monophthong vowels in Standard Southern British English." Journal of the International Phonetic Association 27: 47-55.

Iivonen Antti. (2000) Phonetics of Finnish. http://www.helsinki.fi/hum/hyfl/projektit/vokaalikartat_eng.html

Iivonen, Antti (1987) Zur regionalen Variation der betonten Vokale im gehobenen Deutsch. Leena Kahlas-Tarkka (toim.), Neophilologica Fennica. Neuphilologischer Verein 100 Jahre. Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique de Helsinki XLV, 87-119.

Paradis, C. 1992. Lexical Phonology and Morphology: The Nominal Classes in Fula. New York: Garland.

Pols, L.C.W., H.R.C. Tromp & R. Plomp (1972), "Frequency analysis of Dutch vowels from 50 male speakers", J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 53, 1093-1101.

Liénard, J.-S. and M.-G. Di Denedetto (1999). "Effect of vocal effort on spectral properties of vowels." J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 106(1): 411-422.

Wiik, K. (1965) Finnish and English Vowels. Annales Universitatis Turkuensis B 94. University of Turku.